what do you know about art history ?
lets take a walk through art history lets start with
the prehistoric age
30,000-10,000 BC. Paleolithic peoples were confined to hunters, and life was difficult. Humans made a huge leap in abstract thinking and started creating art.
The subject matter focused on two things: food, as we have seen in cave art, and the need to create more people.
10,000-8000 BC – The ice is starting to recede and life becomes a little easier. The Mesolithic period
(which lasted longer in northern Europe than in the Middle East) saw painting move from caves to rocks. The painting also became symbolic and abstract.
8000-3000 BC. – Fast forward to the Neolithic period, complete with farming and pets.
Now that food was more abundant,
we can say that people had time to devise useful tools such as writing and measuring. The measuring part should come in handy for megalith builders.
Ethnographic art – that “Stone Age” art
continued to flourish around the world for a number of cultures, up to the present time. “Ethnographic” is a useful term that here means: “Don’t go the way of Western art.”
3500-331 BC – Mesopotamia – The “land between rivers” saw an astonishing number of cultures rise and fall from. The Sumerians gave us ziggurats, temples and a lot of statues of gods. Most importantly, it unifies the natural and formal elements in art. The Akkadians presented the victory monument, whose inscriptions forever remind us of their prowess in battle.
The Babylonians improved on the stele, as they used it to record the first uniform code of law. The Assyrians grappled with architecture and sculpture, both in rest and in role. Ultimately, it was the Persians who put the entire region – and its art – on the map, as they invaded neighboring lands.
3200-1340 BC - Egypt - Art in ancient Egypt was the art of the dead. The Egyptians built tombs and pyramids (elaborate tombs), sphinxes (tomb) and tombs decorated with colorful pictures of the deities they believed ruled in the afterlife.
3000-1100 BC – Aegean Sea – Minoan culture, on Crete, and the Mycenaeans in Greece brought us frescoes, open and airy architecture, and marble idols.
800-323 BC – Greece –
The Greeks provided humanistic education,
WE CAN SAY THAT is reflected in their art, Works of ceramics, and architecture, and sculptures have evolved into elaborate, well-designed and elaborate objects that glorify the greatest creation of all: human beings.
6th to 5th centuries BC – the Etruscans –
On the Italian peninsula, the Etruscans embraced the Bronze Age in a big way.
ornamental, and full of implicit movement. They were also enthusiastic producers of tombs and sarcophagi, not in contrast to the Egyptians.
509 BC – 337 AD – the Romans – With their early rise, the Romans first attempted to eliminate Etruscan art, and many attacks on Greek art followed. Borrowing freely from these two conquering cultures,
the Romans created their own style, one that increasingly stood for power. Architecture became monumental,
sculptures depicting re-named deities,
Next: The Middle Ages
1st century c.526 – Early Christian Art
Early Christian art in two categories:
the period of persecution (up to the year 323)
which came after the great recognized Christianity of Constantine: the period of confession.
The first is known primarily for building catacombs, and portable art that could be hidden. The second period is marke by the active construction of churches and mosaics and the rise of the book industry.
Sculpture reduce to work in relief only
(anything else that considered “engraved images”).
C. 526-1390 – Byzantine Art
The sudden transformation,
as the histories indicate, does not imply that the Byzantine style diverged from early Christian art, just as the Eastern Church grew farther from the West.
lets say that the Byzantine art is characterized by being the more abstract and symbolic, also we can say less concerned with any pretense of depth – or the force of gravity – that is evident in paintings or mosaics. The architecture became very complex and domes prevailed.
622-1492 – Islamic art
We can say to this day, that the Islamic art is known for being highly decorative. also His drawings translate beautifully from cup to rug to the Alhambra. Islam has prohibitions against idolatry, and we have little pictorial history as a result.
375-750 – Migration Art
These were very chaotic years in Europe, as barbarian tribes sought (and expanded, and sought) places to settle.
Frequent wars erupted and constant ethnic transmission was the rule. we can say that Art during this period it was necessarily small, somehow , and portable, usually in the form of decorative brooches or bracelets.
The shining exception to this “dark” age in art occurred in Ireland, which had a great fortune to flee the conquest. For some time.
750-900 – the Carolingian period
Charlemagne built an empire that did not outrun his skeptical and incompetent descendants, but the cultural revival the empire spawned proved more durable.
Monasteries became small towns where manuscripts were mass-produced. Crafting skill and use of precious and semi-precious stones were popular.
900-1002 – Ottonian period
The Saxon king, Otto I, decided he could succeed where Charlemagne had failed. This did not work, but Ottonian art, with its heavy Byzantine influence, breathed new life into sculpture, architecture and metalwork.
1000-1150 – Romanesque Art
we can say that For the first time in history, art describe in a term other than the name of a culture or civilization. Europe has become the most cohesive entity, held together by Christianity and Eq
Submissive. The invention of the barrel vault allowed churches to become cathedrals, sculpture became an integral part of architecture, and painting continued mainly in illuminated manuscripts.
1140-1600 – Gothic art
“Gothic” first invented (in a critical way) the style of architecture of this era, which was making its way long after sculpture and painting had left the company.
It is also during this period that we begin to learn more and more of the individual names of painters and sculptors – most of whom seem eager to put all things Gothic behind. In fact, starting around the year 1200, all kinds of wild artistic innovations began in Italy.
Next: the Renaissance
1400-1500 – Italian art of the fifteenth century
This was the golden age of Florence. Its most powerful family, the Medici (expert bankers and dictators) lavishly spent endless money for the glory and beauty of their republic.
Artists flocked to get a share of the donations, buildings, sculptures, and painting and began to question the “rules” of art. Art, in turn, became significantly more individual.
1495-1527 – High Renaissance
All the recognized masterpieces were created from the coined term “Renaissance” during these years. Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and the company created such elaborate masterpieces, in fact, that almost every artist, forever after that, did not attempt to paint this style.
The good news was that due to the Renaissance, being an artist was now considered acceptable. what do you know about art history ?
1520-1600 – act
Here we have another first: an abstract term for an artistic age. Renaissance artists, after Raphael’s death, continued to refine painting and sculpture, but they did not look for a new style of their own.
Rather, they were created in the technical way from their ancestors.
1325-1600 – the Renaissance in Northern Europe
It happened, but not in clearly defined steps as was the case in Italy. Nations and kingdoms were busy spreading out for prominence (fighting), and there was a marked break with the Catholic Church.
Art took a back seat to these other events, and styles moved from Gothic to Renaissance to Baroque on a kind of incoherent basis, artist after artist.
1600-1750 – Baroque art
Humanism, the Renaissance and the Reformation (among other factors) worked together to leave the Middle Ages forever, and art became acceptable to the masses.
Artists of the Baroque era introduced human sentiment, emotion, and a new scientific understanding of their work – many retained religious themes, regardless of the church the artists embraced.
1700-1750 – Rococo
In what some consider an unwise move, Rococo took Baroque art from a “feast for the eyes” to an outright visual binge. If art or architecture could be gilded, decorated or captured on “the summit”, Rococo fiercely added these elements. As a period, it was (mercy) in short.
1750-1880 – Neoclassicism versus Romanticism
Things have loosened enough, in this era, that two different methods can compete for the same market.
Neoclassicism was characterized by the sincere study lest say (and copy) of the classics, along with the use of elements brought to light from the new archaeology.
On the other hand, it challenged romance that is easy to describe. before It was more of an attitude, one accepted by the Enlightenment and the dawn of social consciousness. Of the two, Romanticism had a much greater influence on the course of art from this time forward.
1830–1870 – Realism
Regardless of the previous two movements, realists emerged (first quietly, then very loudly) with the conviction that history is meaningless, and artists should not offer anything they have not personally experienced.
In an attempt to experience “things” they became involved in social issues, and it is not surprising that they found themselves on the wrong side of power. Realist art increasingly separates itself from form, embracing light and color.
1860–1880 – Impressionism
Where realism moved away from form, Impressionism cast the window shape.
The Impressionists lived up to their names (which they themselves had never formulated): art was an impression, and as such it can be presented entirely through light and color.
The world was first outraged by their effrontery, then acceptance. we can say that With acceptance already came the end of impressionism , yes as a movement. Mission accomplished, art was now free to spread in any way it chose. what do you know about art history ?
Next: Modern Art
lets say that the Impressionists can change everything , yes changed when their art was accepted. In this sense, the artists were free to experiment. Even if the audience hated the results, it was still art,
thus giving some respect. Movements, schools, styles – in a staggering number – came, disappeared, diverged from one another, and at times were welded.
There is no way, really, to give all of these entities even a short reference here, so we’ll now only cover a few well-known names.
1885-1920 – Post-impressionism
This is a useful title consider not a movement,
but a group of artists (Cézanne, Van Gogh, Surat and Gauguin, in the first place) who moved beyond impressionism and to other separate endeavors. They kept the light and color bought impressionism but tried to put some other artistic elements – shape, line, for example – back into art.
1890-1939 – Virtuousness and Expressionism
The Fauves (“Wild Beasts”) were French painters led by Matisse and Roulette. The movement they created, with its wild colors and images of primitive things and people, became known as Expressionism and spread, in particular, to Germany. what do you know about art history ?
1905-1939 – Cubism and Futurism
Picasso and Braque, in France, invented cubism, in which organic shapes that divide into a series of geometric shapes. They will prove an element
J in the Bauhaus in the coming years, as well as inspiring the first modern abstract sculpture.
Italy future start to be clear . What began as a literary movement moved into an artistic style that embraced machinery and the industrial age.
1922-1939 – Surrealism
Surrealism was all about discovering the hidden meaning of dreams and expressing the subconscious. It was no coincidence that Freud had already published pioneering psychoanalytic studies before the emergence of this movement.
1945 – Present – Abstract Expressionism
World War II (1939-1945) halted any new movements in art, but art returned with revenge in 1945. Torn from a torn world, Abstract Expressionism abolished everything – including identifiable forms – except for self-expression and emotions. Raw.
Late 1950s – Present – lets talk about Pop and Op Art
lets say In reaction against Abstract Expressionism, the Pop Art glorified it is the most mundane aspects of American culture and called it art. It was fun art, though. And in the “mid” of the 1960s, “opera”
(an abbreviated term for optical illusion) appeared, painting art on the scene, in time to blend nicely with psychedelic music.
1970s to present
In the past thirty years, art has changed at lightning speed. We’ve seen the emergence of performance art, conceptual art, digital art, and trauma art, to name a few, some new shows.
As we advance towards a more global culture, our art reminds us of our own collective past. The technology with which you are reading this article is sure to improve, and as it is, we can keep (almost instantly) informed of everything that comes next in art history.
do you wanna add more about art history ?